We are dedicated to advising and consulting in the field of fruit plants, to specify everything related to:
For us it is very important to participate in the projects from the beginning. To be able to intervene in the initial decision of the agronomic and economic viability or not of a crop in a given area and, if we consider it viable, to intervene in the decision on the type of preparation that the soil requires, the most appropriate irrigation system, planting framework and orientations, position of service roads, variety-rootstock combination, etc …, can be key to the success of the project or, at least, ensure its coherency in the life of the plantation.
It would be to have as deep knowledge as possible of the physical and chemical characteristics of the soil on which the plantation is based, of the irrigation water (often of different origins: well, channel, run-off raft, ..) and of the climate and microclimate that affects us (rain regimes, temperature, relative humidity, …) knowing as well as possible all the limiting factors and the advantages that they can bring to production.
For this purpose, laboratory analysis data, real-time climate data (easily available in many cases through automatic agroclimatic stations accessible through the Internet) would be available, as well as the records made on the farm.
A fundamental part of crop management lies in a good knowledge of the plant material that is being used and from which it could be used. This means knowing: behaviors, adaptability to the terrain and compatibility of different rootstocks and varieties. Many times this information must be generated on the fly on the farm because there are no data and in other cases it means having a realistic information about the productive potential of a plantation under given conditions.
You can access information of breeders and nurserymen and data from other farms nationally or internationally. It is very important to record phenology data and harvest results in quantity and quality.
It is one of the fundamental pieces in the management of intensive fruit crops. For its control we would perform the following actions:
- Determination of the water needs of the crop in each age and phenological stage
- Adaptation of these needs to the reality of the irrigation system and the edaphic conditions
- Preparation of the corresponding irrigation program
- Monitoring the effectiveness of the program through:
· Continuous observation of the crop
· Soil moisture sensors
· Volumetric or impulse counters
· Plant sensors (dendrometers, Scholander’s camera, …)
Nowadays, fertilization is closely linked to irrigation, through fertigation. This is another key to direct crop management.
We perform the following actions:
1. Elaboration of the annual fertilization program by age and phenological stages
2. Monitoring the effectiveness of the program through:
* Continuous observation of the crop
* pH and EC measurements in irrigation water, fertilizer solution and soil solutions at different depths
* Analysis of the Soil Solution through Saturated Pasta Extract
* Analysis of nutrient dynamics through foliar tissue and fruit or other organs (reserves in mixed production or trunk or root tissue)
3. Study of the influence of other tasks in the fertilizer plan, such as pruning, loading regulations, climatic circumstances (frost, blows from
The information obtained by the control of the previous parameters will allow us to optimize the management of the heads of irrigation controlling for it:
* Filtering quality
* Injection system
* Uniformities of irrigation and fertilization
* Fertilizer balance audit
It is another of the fundamental keys of the management of a farm. It consists of all actions that lead us to direct the habit of natural growth of a plant towards the optimal productive objective that we pursue. Driving a plantation is:
* choice of orientation
* of the plantation frame,
* moment and form of realization of training pruning,
* production pruning,
* cargo regulations,
* rejuvenation pruning, …
Always counting on the experience of professional pruners the idea of the actions in this subject is that the producer, through his advisor, has a clear criterion of where he wants to take (conduct) the plantation with the pruning operations that be done.
It would be to advise into the make of decisions about the moment of application, application mode, most appropriate active substances, doses, .., for the best control of weeds, pests and diseases that can affect the crop always within the scope of performance that allows the quality protocol in use.
For this management today there are two figures to be taken into account: the phytosanitary product supplier that normally offers some advice included in the purchase price and whose experience is not negligible in some cases, and that of the agents of integrated production or AIP’s, which provide very interesting information on everything related to useful fauna and control of treatment thresholds.
After all, it is the fundamental objective pursued by production: fruit. This is the product that is sold and on which the income statement directly depends.
From the moment of the tree blossoms and the fruit settles and it begins to develop, until its maturity, certain actions are carried out, such as:
1. thinnings or load regulations
2. all the possible management of irrigation, pruning and fertilization that participate in its best development
3. fruit counts for harvesting
4. Fattening treatments based on phytoregulators?
5. Size evolution tracking
6. maturity index tracking
7. determination of optimum harvest moment
In an agriculture as dynamic and competitive as the current one, there are new varieties, rootstocks, phytosanitary products, cultivation techniques, machinery, …, which can be strategic for the agricultural enterprise. And it is very important to have data in real time and in the specific agroclimatic conditions of the exploitation through small trials carried out always in an efficient manner but that do not hinder or increase the normal production process. These small trials will have to be implemented when necessary in a practical way.
When a supplier leaves a product under test, for example, you can treat some lines and leave the rest of the plot as a witness and observe in a generic way possible differences or you can treat 3 selected lines and leave their parallels as witnesses to have several repetitions and certain parameters must be measured (length of shoots, number of fruits, diameter of fruits, …) that allow us to really evaluate the efficiency of the product if it could be interesting.
In case of not wanting to do things this way the best thing is not to even accept the product. With this advice it is also intended to help the farm to select the trials to be carried out, design them, monitor them and evaluate them. This information is complemented by information obtained from specialized technical publications, fairs, congresses, symposia, seminars, talks with other technicians and producers in the sector and visits to other national and international production centers.